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FAS/E (Fetal Alcohol Syndrome/Effects) is a birth defect involving permanent brain damage caused by prenatal alcohol exposure. There are four diagnostic criteria for FAS: alcohol exposure, prenatal and/or postnatal growth deficiencies, a certain pattern of facial features, and Central Nervous System damage. Because neurological damage may/not include mental retardation, learning disabilities can get misdiagnosed as Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD or ADD). In addition FAS is not included as a Developmental Disability (DD).
FAS/E is the combination of (FAS) and Fetal Alcohol Effects (FAE), and refers to the full range of disabilities. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is defined and characterized by a number of congenital birth defects that develop in the womb as a result of exposure to alcohol either before or during pregnancy. These birth defects are best recognized by pre and/or postnatal growth deficiencies, a certain pattern of facial malformations, Central Nervous System dysfunctions, and a varying degree of major organ system malformations. The effects are generally visibly recognizable. (Jones, Streissguth 103-105) And Fetal Alcohol Effects (FAE) is defined as structural and functional defects attributed to prenatal exposure of alcohol. FAE is inclusive of FAS and provides a category for those whose birth defects do not fully meet
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