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Trails of the Earliest People Q1—Find out the states where Bhimbetka Hungsi and Kurnool are located? Ans-Bhimbetka –Madhya Pradesh Hunsgi—Karnataka Kurnool—Andhra Pradesh Q2—Why did hunters-gatherers travel from place to place? In what ways are these similar to or different from reason for which we travel today? Ans –Hunter-gatherers travel from place to place for the following reasons a) In search of food plant and animal resources ) Animals move from place to place either in search of smaller prey or in search of grass and leaves. Those who hunted them had to follow their movements. c) They move from season to season in search of different kinds of plants. d) In search of water during the dry season. Movements of early man—early man movement was purely guided by his physical need. Movement of modern man – today we move around because of various social, economic&educational needs. Q3—How did Paleolithic age differ from Neolithic age? Ans– Paleolithic age |Neolithic age | |It is also known as ‘old stone age’ |It is also known as ‘new stone age’ | |Period – 2million to 12000 years ago |Period –10000 to 4000 years ago | |Discovery of fire took place |Adoption of agriculture and domestication of animals | | |started | |Tools used were simple and not polished tools like hand|Specialized and increasing sharp tools made of stone, | |axes, etc |wood, bones, etc were used | |Occupation – hunting and gathering |Occupation—food producer | Q4—How did early man make stone tools? What were these tools and weapons used for? Ans – Stone tools were made using two different techniques: 1. stone on stone 2. pressure flaking

Stone tools were used to cut meat and bone, scrape bark and hides chop fruit and root and to make spears and arrows for hunting. Q5—What are the three different sites of the Stone Age? Ans—The three different sites of the stone age are as follows: a) Habitation site- these are places occupied by food gatherers for a short period of time. Such sites provide shelter from rain, thunder and lightning. b) Factory sites- these are places where early man found stones for manufacturing stone tools. c) Habitation cum factory sites- these are places where food gatherers lived together for a long period of time. Q6—How did early man discover fire? How did fire change the lives of early man?

Ans—Early man must have discovered fire by chance when he must have rubbed two stones together. Fire changed their lives completely: 1) Fire kept them warm 2) Fire kept wild animals away 3) Meat tasted better when cooked on fire 4) Fire gave them light ? Q7)—What are the main occupation of Paleolithic man? Ans –The main occupation of Paleolithic people were a) Hunting b) Fishing c) Gathering Q8)—Name the place in INDIA where early man left traces of ashes? Ans—KURNOOL in ANDHRA PRADESH is a place in INDIA where early man left traces of ash. Q9)—What is the period between Paleolithic and Neolithic period? Ans –The period between the Paleolithic and Neolithic period is Mesolithic.

Q9)—Name the different types of Paleolithic sites found in INDIA. Describe them? Ans –The different types of Paleolithic sites in INDIA are as follow 1—HUNGSI ? It is located in Deccan ? It has 15,000 stone tools ? It was probably most used stone age site . 2—BHIMBEKTA ? It is located in north of Madhya Pradesh ? It has the largest and one of the spectacular rock painting 3—KURNOOL CAVES ? It is located in ANDHRA PRADESH ? Traces of ashes are found here Q10)—What are rock paintings? Mention any 3 characteristics. Ans –The paintings depicted on walls of rocks or on the caves are called rock paintings. The 3 main characteristics of rock paintings are as follows ?

The paintings depicted are generally scenes of hunting, dancing and animal fighting ? Red and White color were used for painting ? The painting were made by fingerprints. feathers,woodensticks and needles of porcupines. Q11)—Who were nomads? Ans – Nomads were a member of people that travels from place to place to find fresh pasture for its animal and itself. Q12)—What is sites? Ans –Sites are places where the remains of the things like tools. pots, buildings are found which were used by early man. Q13)—Explain Bhimbetka paintings? Ans—The features of Bhimbetka paintings are ? The most spectacular Bhimbetka paintings is located in the vindhays hills in Madhya Pradesh. The paintings were done with the fingers with just two or three strokes. They must have used feathers, wooden sticks and needles of porcupine for different styles. ? The paintings depict children running,playing,jumping and seen to show a sort of family life. ? One of the amazing things about some paintings at Bhimbetka is that as many as 20 layers of paintings have been painted on top of each other. Q14)—Climate change around 12,000 years ago led to the domestication of animals? How. Ans—around 12,000 years ago there was a major changes in the climate of the world with a shift to relatively warm conditions. In many areas this led to the development of grasslands.

This in led to an increase in the number of deer antelope goat sheep and cattle i. e animals that survived on grass. This helped people to start thinking about herding and rearing these animals themselves. Q15)—Differentiate between Core tools and Flake tools? Ans –Core tools were made by chipping off pieces from hand seize stones. They were large, hence used for digging earth, cutting trees, sharpening woods,etc. They used this stone axe as main tools and carried it as a personal weapon. Flake tools were made from sharp pieces that broke off while shaping core tools. These were used skinning animals. Q16)—-Map Work On the outline map of India mark Bhimbetka Hungsi Kurnool

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