According to the article Drug Classes on US Drug Enforcement Administration site, five classes of drugs regulated under the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) are narcotics, depressants, stimulants, hallucinogens and anabolic steroids. Except anabolic steroids all other classes of drugs produce similar effects by altering moods, thoughts and feelings by their action on the Central Nervous System i. e. , brain and spinal cord. While some alleviate pain, anxiety and depression, others induce sleep and energize.
When these drugs are increasingly used in a medically or socially inconsistent manner it is called drug abuse. In legal terminology unsanctioned usage controlled substances under Schedules I through V of the CSA is considered as drug abuse. According to Wikipedia the free encyclopedia, Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant with a wide range of side effects. The volume of consumption and circumstances play an important role, meaning consumption of alcohol after a heavy meal would not produce visible toxic effects as compared to consumption of alcohol on empty stomach.
Consumption of alcohol leads to relaxation and cheerfulness but over consumption may result in blurred vision and coordination problem. Excessive drinking may lead to loss of consciousness and poisoning to death once the blood level concentrations exceed 0. 55%. According to drugfree. org, short term effects of alcohol include dizziness, talkativeness, slurred speech, disturbed sleep, nausea and vomiting. Hangover effects include headache, nausea, thirst, dizziness and fatigue. Prolonged consumption of alcohol leads to permanent damage of liver and brain.
Consumption of alcohol by pregnant women leads to fetal alcohol syndrome in infants. According to the article Cocaine on US Drug Enforcement Administration site, Cocaine is an oldest, powerful addictive stimulant previously used in tonics/elixirs prepared to treat wide variety of illnesses. It is a Schedule II drug under Controlled Substances Act of 1970. The drugs short term effects include euphoric feeling, energetic, talkative and mentally alert to sensations of sight, sound and touch.
The physiological effects include constricted blood vessels, dilated pupils, higher body temperatures, increased heart beat and blood pressure. Higher dosages may lead to tremors, vertigo, muscle twitches, paranoia, restlessness, irritability and anxiety. First time usage may also lead to death due to cardiac arrest or seizures following respiratory arrest. Long term effects of usage of cocaine include increased irritability, restlessness and paranoia ultimately resulting into a “full-blown paranoid psychosis” and auditory hallucinations. According to streetdrugs.
org short term effects of marijuana include impaired short term memory, concentration, attention and judgment. Impaired coordination, balance, increased heart rate, blood shot or red eyes, dry mouth and increased appetite. Long term effects include paranoia, persistent anxiety, impaired learning skills and memory difficulties. Associated press reported in Los Angeles times that Doug Parker the CEO of US Airways Group Inc was arrested on charges of drunken driving after a party at the FBR Open golf tournament in Scottsdale, Ariz. , at a speed of 65 mph as against a speed restriction of 45 mph.
Blood samples of Parker showed alcohol level of 0. 096% as against a legal limit of 0. 08% in Arizona. The arresting officer, Ben Roberson stated in the report “Parker had bloodshot and watery eyes, slurred speech and alcohol on his breath and Parker refused to take a breathalyzer test. ” The above case clearly depicts that Doug Parker drove the vehicle at high speeds under the influence of alcohol and the tone of both the letters addressed to his employees by him indicates that his actions had caused lot of embarrassment. Los Angeles Times staff reporter John M.
Gliona stated that Mayor Gavin Newsom of San Francisco accepted to have an affair with Ruby Rippey-Tourk the wife of former campaign manager Alex Tourk and a longtime. The mayor was reported to have stated that “My problems with alcohol are not an excuse for my personal lapses in judgment. ” The personal statement from the mayor indicates that he was responsible for the crime and that alcohol cannot be considered to be the culprit. Thus mayor cannot hide his misdeeds under the influence alcohol. Los Angeles Times wire reports stated that Ann S.
Banaszewski, daughter of U. S. Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia’s was arrested on charges of driving under the influence of alcohol and child endangerment. This is a clear case of driving under intoxication where alcohol being the responsible for intoxication and reckless driving. References Drug Classes. US Drug Enforcement Administration. Page retrieved on February 20, 2007 from: http://www. usdoj. gov/dea/concern/drug_classes. html Cocaine. US Drug Enforcement Administration. Page retrieved on February 20, 2007 from: http://www. dea.
gov/concern/cocaine. html Wikipedia the free encyclopedia. Effects of alcohol on the body. Page retrieved on February 20, 2007 from: http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Effects_of_alcohol_on_the_body Effects of Alcohol – Alcohol Facts – Alcohol Addiction. Page retrieved on February 20, 2007 from: http://www. drugfree. org/Portal/drug_guide/Alcohol Marijuana. www. streetdrugs. org. Page retrieved on February 20, 2007 from: http://www. streetdrugs. org/marijuana3. htm Associated Press. Los Angeles Times. US Air chief is arrested on suspicion of DUI.
February 10, 2007. Page retrieved on February 20, 2007 from: http://www. latimes. com/business/la-fi-usair10feb10,1,2232728. story John M. Gliona. Times Staff Writer. San Francisco mayor to seek treatment for alcohol abuse. February 06, 2007. Page retrieved on February 20, 2007 from: http://www. latimes. com/news/local/la-me-newsom6feb06,1,1717750. story Times Staff and Wire Reports. Scalia’s daughter charged with DUI . February 15, 2007. Page retrieved on February 20, 2007 from: http://www. latimes. com/news/local/la-me-rbriefs14. 4oct14,1,7461940. story