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Health Care has developed greatly over the past century. The innovation in technology and enhancement of a doctor’s knowledge has allowed life expectancy to rise in most countries throughout the world. Many governments provide free health care to an extent for their citizens and others leave it up to their citizens to pay for their own costly bills. Some of these bills depend on the level of treatment or the reputation of the hospital. In this report we bill be analyzing the health care systems of Australia and Canada. Structure of health care system Australia.

Australia achieves universal coverage through Medicare, a tax-funded public insurance program that covers most medical care, including physician and hospital services and prescription drugs (endnote). Citizens are given a Medicare card similar to our OHIP card, that they must bring when visiting a doctor or making a claim for money return. Australians report they can see a doctor within one day 40% of the time (endnote). All of this is funded by an additional income tax of 1. 5% on all citizens (endnote). Australia also has a program called the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme that offers medication for free or little cost to those who hold a Medicare Card.

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Overseas visitors from countries with which Australia has a Reciprocal Health Care Agreement (RHCA) are also eligible to access the Scheme (endnote). Canada Canada’s national health care program is very similar to Australia’s, since coverage is also offered through Medicare. Most medical services in Canada are prepaid for if you are eligible. Families are offered family doctors, although surveys report that more than 4 million Canadians can’t find a family physician to care for them (endnote).

In Canada medication isn’t free, medical services as a whole negotiate with pharmaceutical companies so our prescription costs are much lower (endnote). Otherwise most pay their prescription bills from insurance policies or from their pocket. The Key Processes and Procedures of Australia Health Care The quality and standard of public health care system in Melbourne Australia is as good as any other healthcare system in the world.

Although with its effectiveness and functional capabilities, it also has its flaw. In Australia, health care is provided by the Medicare and is financed by the proceeds and tax, with the bulk of the health costs funded by the government while the remainder is paid by the patient. i The health care system in Australia is similar to Canada’s system. The major difference with the two countries is the availability of both public and private health insurance whereas in Canada there is only public health care available. The government and city of Melbourne spend lots of money to make sure that an average citizen and permanent resident of Australia get good and proper medical health care.

The expenditure on healthcare in 2011 stood to a projected value of US$ 7,380 per head. ii According to the research done by a UK-based research company Espicorn, two-thirds of such expenditure was derived from public sources. In Canada, nearly 70% of the health care expenditure comes from the public segment and 30% from the private sector. iii On the other hand, the Australian Commonwealth government funds a distant proportion of the health care making the well-being of the citizens easygoing.

Relocating our employees to Melbourne will not only uplift the status and profit level of the company, it will also give them the chance and opportunity to enjoy the beautiful diversity in culture while maintaining good health and well-being. Residence of Australia and people who come from a country that has common health care agreement with Australia may be needed to pay the Medicare levy and Medicare Surcharge which comes in form of tax.

These levies are forms of medical scheme that gives Australians residents access to health care. iv The money realized from this scheme is used to help fund the Medicare system. You may be free from paying Medicare levy if you are not a citizen of Australia or a temporary resident. Other key process and procedure in acquiring Australian health care involves the use of IMAN Australian Health Plans. It is a form of working visitor’s health cover which is structured in different format and categories.

The key benefits of Iman include ?Provision of high and quality health cover products that meets Visa requirement of Department of immigration and citizenship. v ?IMAN is a widely known insurance company in Australia with 30 years’ experience in providing health protection for international working visitorsvi ?

IMAN understands what you need as an international worker and will provide you with health Information and services to help you make the most of your stay in Australia. IMAN has different health level covers like budget, basic, mid, top and executive. Budget is primarily concern with the 100% of the hospital in-plant service that involves hospital accommodation, intensive care and ward fees, accidents, digestive disorder e. g. Additional services provided under budget insurance include, ambulance cover, medical repatriation to home country, funeral expenses of a $ 20,000 limit per person.

vii IMAN has made acquiring of Australian health care simple. They further make it accessible that it can be acquired from Australia or oversea by simply completing the form which is available online or rather downloads a print version. viii LOCAL HEALTHCARE (DOCTORS, SERVICES, HOSPITALS) IN ONTARIO AND AUSTRALIA Australia Australia has a high quality health care For example, the availability of services, Hospitals, and doctors, but eventually there are many health inequality of access to health services.

The main factors that often influence health services are age, gender, location and rurality. Most indigenous Australians, refugees, homeless and people living in remote communities often receive fewer services in health care from the rest of the population. Besides, the population living in rural towns have challenges acquiring appropriate healthcare due to the workload on doctors and nurses and moreover the ratio of calling doctor’s mostly odd hours as a result it’s hard to recruit and retain health staffs in rural townsix. The latest data, from 2008, in various parts of the country shows the life expectancy of

the different people that lives in the country due to the health highlight the continuing, though diminishing, disparity:67 years for Indigenous males compared with79 for non- Indigenous males; 73 for Indigenous females compared with 83 for non-Indigenous femalesx. In addition to the high quality healthcare in most of the parts of the country there are also an increase services to the local communities by extending the service and availability of doctors whereby, nurses work in schools, welfare centres enabling them to reach out to vulnerable communities with primary healthcare.

Meanwhile, most of the big cities have several walk-in clinics that provides healthcare for homeless people, and there are places where nurses deliver comprehensive health servicesxi. Ontario Ontario healthcare has equity of access to services based on need that define the element of Ontario healthcare. Ontario has quality healthcare services such as family doctors that he/she go to during working hours in order to be assessed based on his health status, beside the prevalence of specific diseases are also contributing to the demand pressure to deliver timely health services across the provincexii.

However, the population who live in rural and northern parts of Ontario face challenges when it comes to accessing Ontario’s health care system such as the availability of physicians for example, nineteen per cent of Ontario’s population live in rural areas and northern communities but are served by less than eight per cent of the province of the province’s physiciansxiii. Moreover, Ontario has interesting healthcare system that provide quality services such as Long-term care that are designed for elderly people and patients who requires the availability of 24 hours nursing care and supervisions.

Furthermore, to nursing care, patients also have access to personal care as well as recreational activities, physiotherapist in order to help them function at the highest possible level in their livesxiv. i “Healthcare Providers Industry Profiles: Australia. ” Health Care Providers Industry Profile: Australia (February 2012): 12-12. Business Source Complete, http://ra. ocls. ca/ra/login. aspx? url=http://search. ebscohost. com/login. aspx? direct=true&db=bth&AN=74250838&site=eds-live (accessed March 11, 2013). ii “Industry Report Healthcare: Australia. ” Healthcare Industry Report: Australia no.

2 (August 2012): 1-13. Business Source Complete, http://ra. ocls. ca/ra/login. aspx? url=http://search. ebscohost. com/login. aspx? direct=true&db=bth&AN=79449593&site=eds-live (accessed March 11, 2013). iii Colleen M. Flood, “Profile of Six Health Care Systems: Canada, Australia, The Netherlands, New Zealand, The UK, and The US. ”Country Profile Australia,(April 2001): 9-9. http://www. parl. gc. ca/Content/SEN/Committee/371/soci/rep/volume3ver1- e. pdf#page=9&zoom=auto,0,538 (accessed March 11, 2013). iv “Iman Australia Health plan. ” Working Visitor Health Cover: 18-20.

Australian Information and Taxation, http://www. austhealth. com/documents/IMAN%20Working%20Visitor%20Brochure. pdf (accessed March 16, 2013). v “Iman Australia Health plan. ” Working Visitor Health Cover:2 -3. Australian Information and Taxation, http://www. austhealth. com/documents/IMAN%20Working%20Visitor%20Brochure. pdf (accessed March 16, 2013). vi “Iman Australia Health plan.

” Working Visitor Health Cover:2 -3. Australian Information and Taxation, http://www. austhealth. com/documents/IMAN%20Working%20Visitor%20Brochure. pdf (accessed March 16, 2013). vii Iman Australia Health plan. ” Working Visitor Health Cover:5 -23.

Australian Information and Taxation, http://www. austhealth. com/documents/IMAN%20Working%20Visitor%20Brochure. pdf (accessed March 17, 2013). viii Iman Australia Health plan. ” Working Visitor Health Cover: 15 -23. Australian Information and Taxation, http://www. austhealth. com/documents/IMAN%20Working%20Visitor%20Brochure. pdf (accessed March 17, 2013). ix Cerasa, Debra. 2011. “AUSTRALIAN HEALTH CARE: CLOSING THE SERVICE GAP. ” Nursing Management – UK 18, page 16-17, (accessed March 9, 2013). x Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2010), (Accessed March 9, 2013).

xi Cerasa, Debra. 2011. “AUSTRALIAN HEALTH CARE: CLOSING THE SERVICE GAP. ” Nursing Management – UK 18, page 18-19. (Accessed March 9, 2013). xii Gross, D. P. (2012). Knowledge Translation and Behaviour Change: Patients, Providers, and Populations. Health service, 64(3), (Accessed March 16, 2013). xiii http://www.

healthforceontario. ca/UserFiles/file/Floating/Publications/hfo-year-end-report-jan-2011-en. pdf, (Accessed March 16, 2013). xiv http://www. healthforceontario. ca/UserFiles/file/Floating/Publications/hfo-year-end-report-jan-2011-en. pdf, (Accessed March 16, 2013).

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