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HEALTH CARE MUSEUM 2 Health Care Museum As you learn about health care delivery in the United States, it is important to understand its history to develop a working knowledge as you progress through the course. You are the curator of the first Health Care Hall of Fame Museum that pays tribute to the five most significant developments in the evolution of health care in the United States. Prepare a proposal of the five main developments you would include. Be specific and draw from your readings or other research to demonstrate your understanding of newfound concepts, theories, and vocabulary.

Include evidence-based information and your personal analysis describing why these exhibits should be included and how they shaped the current health care system in the United States. Descriptions and analysis must use complete sentences. Format your proposal consistent with APA guidelines. Part 1: Health Care Hall of Fame Museum Proposal Development Description Analysis (How does the development affect the current U. S. health care system?) EXAMPLE Even though the connection between filth and disease was made in the 1850s, the widermedical community still did not understand the cause of infectious diseases until much later.

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Germ theory was hypothesized in the 19th century in Europe; however, it was not until the HEALTH CARE MUSEUM 3 1920s that bacteria and their link with infectious diseases became mainstream knowledge in America and practical applications became integrated into healthcare. This knowledge led to new sanitation and hygiene measures, hand washing, sterilization in preparing surgical instruments, and ensuring clean water (Lemelson-MIT, 2003).

Once the link between germs and disease had been scientifically established, hospitals in America became a place for people to come to recover. Before the 1920s, hospitals were little more than almshouses for the poor who were sick; they provided a place of rest, food, and shelter, but according to Austin and Wetle (2012), “those who could afford home care stayed away from hospitals” (p. 93). By the 1920s, the understanding of germs and, subsequently, sanitation and sterilization of instruments changed the outcome dramatically for hospital patients.

Hospitals became places where the best and most advanced care could be offered, changing the entire dynamic of health care delivery. 1. Cultural BeliefsMost cultures have a health care belief system. One study showed that a group of Cambodian adults withminimal formal education made considerable efforts to comply with therapy but did so in a manner consistent with their underlying understanding of how medicines and the body work. McLaughlin, L. , & Braun, K. (1998). 2. Economics Health economics is a branch of economics concerned with issues related to efficiency, effectiveness, value and behavior in the production and consumption of health and health care.

While 83 percent of American adults utilize health insurance,1 few stop to consider that their $30 prescription drug or office visit copayments are only a small fraction of the total charges. Many people assume it’s covered. 3. Cost of Health Care Total health care spending in the United States is expected to reach $4. 8 trillion in 2021, up from $2. 6 trillion in 2010 and $75 billion in 1970. Health care in HEALTH CARE MUSEUM 4 the United Statesis one of the most expensive in the world. Spending on health care has increased quicker than any other sector of the economy. Weiss and Lonnquist (2000)

4. Technology Healthcare in the United States has the most cutting- edge technology for diagnostics and treatments. The United States’ academic facilities, hospitals, laboratories all have advanced technology. The United States leads the world in the production of medical technologies and is the industry’s largest consumer.

The U. S. market value exceeded $110 billion in 2012, representing about 38 percent of the total medical technologies industry. U. S. exports of medical technologies in key product categories identified by the Department of Commerce (DOC) were valued at approximately $44. 2 billion in 2012, a 7.2 percent increase from the previous year. (2010)

5. Health InsuranceHealth insurance plans are designed to help cover medical expenses. These plans can be either privately purchased, open or government funded. The increased costof health insurance is a central fact in anydiscussion of health policy and health delivery. As annual premiums edged beyond $16,000 for an average family, costs are blamed for rising uninsured. (2014) Part2: How does everything connect? Write up a comprehensive overview of how these events evolved into each other. Health care in the United States includes a vast array of

complex interrelationships among those who receive, provide, and finance care. In this article, publicly available data were used to identify trends in health care, principally from 1980 to 2011, in the source and use of funds (“economic anatomy”), the people receiving and organizations providing care, and the resulting value created and health outcomes. HEALTH CARE MUSEUM 5 References Austin, A. , & Wetle, V. (2012). The United States health care system: Combining business, health, and delivery. (2nd ed. ). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education Lemelson-MIT. (2003, April). Louis Pasteur.

Retrieved from http://web. mit. edu/invent/iow/pasteur. htm (2010). Retrieved from http://selectusa. commerce. gov/industry-snapshots/health-and-medical-technology-indust ry-united-states (2014). HEALTH INSURANCE: PREMIUMS AND INCREASES Retrieved from http://www. ncsl. org/research/health/health-insurance- premiums. aspx Mc Laughlin, L. , & Braun, K. (1998). “Asian and Pacific Islander cultural values: Considerations for health care decision-making. ” Health and Social Work, 23 (2), 116-126. Retrieved from http://www. euromedinfo. eu/how-culture-influences-health-beliefs. html/

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