How Failing To Report Affects The Army’s Mission FTR ESSAY How Failing To Report Affects The Army’s Mission In my essay I will discuss how Failure to Report affects the United States Army and it’s mission. I will use my experiences and knowledge as well as regulations and doctrine provided by the United States Army. I will first cover the regulations and doctrine provided by the United States Army. I will use the United State Publishing Directorate website to access all appropriate regulations. The site can be accessed at http://www. apd. army. mil/.
The first document I will collect data from is the Manual for Courts-Marshall United State (2008 edition). Failure to Report is not clearly definably in violation of any one article. It may be, however, in violation of Article 92. This article covers a failure to obey an order or a regulation. Failure to Report falls into this article simple because the order is given by a senior ranking individual. This can be done orally, which is most common, and verbally, such as a training schedule. By not reporting for duty or accountability you are in direct violation of Article 92 and can receive a summarized, company, or field grade article 15.
This will depend on how many offenses you have in the past, your work ethic and the reason you failed to report. Given enough offenses you may be chaptered for patterns of misconduct. Failure to Report negatively affects the United States Army in many ways. Let us say that SPC Snuffy misses accountability formation. He failed to report to his appointed place of duty. SPC Snuffy is not the only one who has consequences for his failure to report. He is part of a small team that affects a larger unit. Within his small team he could have soldiers under his care; he most likely has a non commissioned officer who is charged with his care.
His soldiers look to him to be the middle man to help guide them day to day with his knowledge when given tasks. His non commissioned officer looks to him to relay his experiences to his subordinates, in his absence. By failing to report his subordinates may not have the skills necessary to perform their tasks and his non commissioned officer will be unable to accomplish some of the administrative tasks he has to perform because he will have to monitor the subordinates. If SPC Snuffy could not be reached telephonically then again that can negatively affect his non commissioned officer.
He may have to drive to SPC Snuffy’s place of residence. If SPC Snuffy is not there he would have to try and find out what happened to SPC Snuffy. This could take serious amounts of time and energy. Not having accountability of a soldier is something that can adversely affect a whole unit. I would like to cover the differences in how different reasons for failing to report could possible affect the unit. If SPC Snuffy lost power at his place of residence the affect on the unit would most likely be minimal. If he resided in the barracks his non commissioned officer could go to his room and wake him.
If he lived of post his non commissioned officer would have to take time away from duty and drive to his residence. This comes at a personal cost to his non commissioned officer. If SPC Snuffy lived locally this task may not take much time to complete. If SPC Snuffy lived in an area similar to Killeen- Harker Heights- Coperreas Cove then it could waste precious time. Some of the outlying residential neighborhoods can be just over 1 hour in one direction. That does not include checking on SPC Snuffy, or even verifying the validity of his claim. Once SPC Snuffy is found and ready to report they still have to return to post.
Depending on the time of day, and the civilian traffic this could almost double the travel time needed. Once present for duty SPC Snuffy would have to work hurriedly to complete his daily taskings as well as make time to receive his counseling statement from his non commissioned officer. The impact on the unit might seem slight but could quickly escalate depending on what missions or tasking the non commissioned officer was responsible for. If his total round trip was 2 hours from start to finish, he would be behind one quarter of his work day. This does not include finding the time to write and then conduct a proper counseling session.
Some units would not allow this counseling to take place during regular duty hours; this would personally impact the non commissioned officer as well as SPC Snuffy. If either had a family this takes away the preciously little time they have between deployments and field training exercises. After the counseling is complete there is still the matter of corrective training at a minimum. It may be something as simple as an essay or it might be making up the time that was lost by the non commissioned officer. An essay would usually only affect the individual who had to write it.
Impact on the non commissioned officer would be minimal as he would only have to read it to ensure the soldier followed the directives given in the counseling and that the intended purpose was met. If the soldier had to make up for lost time after duty this would most likely result in the non commissioned officer supervising. This would take away his own personal time. In this basic instance the soldier negatively impacted the mission of his section and possibly his platoon. This is the minimum impact that this soldier would have. If he his behavior went un corrected then the impact could be far greater.
Soldiers under him might begin to emulate his behavior for whatever reason, valid or not, and then the whole process could grow out of control and more time would have to be dedicated just to correct this behavior so the unit could maintain its mission and not fall behind. The simplest example covered we will next discuss someone who willingly and neglectfully failed to report. Same scenario in the basics but this time SPC Snuffy has no valid reason. His non commissioned officer will have to drive to his house. Upon waking SPC Snuffy’s wife he learns that SPC Snuffy went out for a guys night out and did not return.
First the non commissioned officer will have to call his platoon sergeant and keep his entire non commissioned support channel informed. His platoon sergeant has the option to enlist the help of other soldiers in the platoon or talk with the other platoons sergeants to see if anyone has the information. After checking with the other soldiers within the section his non commissioned officer finds out that SPC Snuffy went out with a few soldiers from another company. His options are to go to that unit and find someone who can help him locate the soldiers that went out the night prior with SPC Snuffy.
After devoting his entire morning to this task, his non commissioned officer learned that one of the other soldiers in the other company had also failed to report. After seeing the training room NCOIC and getting the squad leaders contact information the two squad leaders set a link up point. The second soldier’s non commissioned officer was not available to find his soldier this morning so they agreed to go to the second soldiers place of residence. Upon arriving the two non commissioned officers saw the two soldiers passed out in the front yard. They woke them and checked to make sure they were ok. After getting both oldiers ready and presentable in duty uniforms they returned them to post to see their respective first sergeants. After a very lengthy discussion about standards and professional conduct SPC Snuffy’s non commissioned officer was instructed to counsel the soldier as well as have him complete details after duty hours to make up for the time lost during the duty day. The details would last for 5 days to include a Saturday morning and afternoon. Then SPC Snuffy was sent o complete his tasks for the day before final formation. His non commissioned officer had to report to the platoon sergeant with the counseling before the end of the duty day.
After spending an hour preparing and writing the counseling statement, the non commissioned officer reports to the platoon sergeant and proofs the counseling as well as the corrective actions. After final formation the counseling is conducted and SPC Snuffy is sent to chow to return in an hour. When he returns the corrective training starts for SPC Snuffy. His non commissioned officer supervises him in his detail and talks at length about the behaviors that lead SPC Snuffy to drink in excess not only during the duty week but enough that he was passed out in the yard.
After that nights detail is complete SPC Snuffy and his non commissioned officer head home for the night. It is not 2000 hours. In the morning his non commissioned officer has to call and hear SPC Snuffy’s voice to ensure that he is indeed awake and on his way in for accountability. After accountability his non commissioned officer informs his platoon sergeant about the conversation about SPC Snuffy’s drinking issue. After that is complete the platoon sergeant takes the squad leader to talk to the company commander.
When the retelling of the conversation is complete they all agree that SPC Snuffy would benefit from the Army drug and alcohol abuse program. He would be command referred. SPC Snuffy was ordered to report to the commander’s office and informed of this. His non commissioned officer was instructed to escort SPC Snuffy to his first appointment to ensure that he made it on time and that there were no issues. After duty hours during the corrective training detail SPC Snuffy approached his non commissioned officer and requested to talk about his referrel to the Army drug and alcohol abuse program.
He stated he understood why he needed to go but that he needed to talk more about the reasons he was having drinking issues. After a verbal counseling session during the detail they agreed that SPC Snuffy would see the chaplain in the morning after first duty formation and if that was not satisfactory that they would go to see the Military Family Life Consultants. SPC Snuffy knew very little of the program. His non commissioned officer informed him all the details he had of the program and they agreed on the next few steps.
After detail they agreed on the time that SPC Snuffy would call his non commissioned officer so that he could start to earn some other respect and trust back he lost. The next morning SPC Snuffy called his non commissioned officer and let him know he was on his way in for accountability. After accountability they went to talk with the chaplain. When the conversation with the chaplain was complete, SPC Snuffy informed his non commissioned officer that the chaplain suggested that SPC Snuffy and his wife should attend marriage counseling as well as SPC Snuffy seeking counseling for his own personal issues.
Ok ending there, we can clearly see how far out of the daily operational loop that this situation has pushed these two soldiers. Not only does it affects them during regular duty hours but extends into their personal time. This affects families and the mental rejuvenation process that soldiers need. This does not include the man hours, the resources used and/or wasted, or time of others affected.
We still have three days of corrective training, multiple counseling sessions with a family life consultant, the Army drug and alcohol abuse program appointments, and the follow up counseling that would have to be conducted when the corrective training was complete. The other soldiers in the platoon and possibly company would be affected by covering down during the appointments. Their families may be affected also. The ripple effect could be large or small with no clear way of defining the effects. Lastly we will look at how a soldier who repeatedly fails to report can negatively affect the Army mission.
Spc Snuffy has already received his counseling. Spc Snuffy has completed the Army drug and alcohol abuse, seen his family life consultant and completed any counseling he felt he needed. SPC Snuffy fails to report again. This process starts over again from the beginning, the non commissioned officer tracking him down. The counseling and corrective training already completed would lead to the next level. The second offense would be a bar to reenlistment and a 5000 word essay. The essay would have to be written to specifications outlined in a counseling or memo for record.
Failure to complete the essay and other corrective actions to include UCMJ could be started. Even if SPC Snuffy complete this essay and did his corrective training but failed to report again the consequences could be greater. If a third failure to report would lead to a Company grade Article 15. Any company grade commander may impose a company grade article 15. The maximum punishment authorized at a company grade Article 15 is any combination of: extra duty for 14 days, restriction for 14 days, oral reprimand or admonition, forfeiture of seven days base pay, and/or reduction in rank of one grade (E-4 & below only).
SPC Snuffy receive a company grade article 15, and loses pay and is restricted to post for 7 days and extra duty for 14 days. This affects all the soldiers that he comes into contact with. His behavior and attitude could be emulated by junior soldiers. He may take this punishment and accept it for what it is and learn from his behavior. In this instance the effect would be minimal. Soldiers would see that the Chain of Command cares about discipline and standards and take them seriously. This could create a positive workplace by providing clearly definable standards and patterns of conduct.
The Army has regulations and policies in effect at all times for this but in anything that is done day in and day out people become complacent. Corrective training, bars to reenlistment, article 15’s are all tools that the unit can use to “wake up” soldiers and get them out of a rut. On the other side, if SPC Snuffy decides to have a poor attitude about it, then he could spread his attitude like a negative disease. He could talk soldiers who are easily persuaded into willfully and neglectfully acting in a behavior in contrast to how a soldier should act.
This would create numerous problems for the chain of command. If one soldier who fails to report takes one or two people out of the loop for the majority of the day then a small element of poor performing soldiers could take a small platoon of experience non commissioned officers to correct the issues. The whole situation could simply stop a unit. Imagine it being range week or section certifications. A unit short on non commissioned officers who had a large spread discipline issue could suffer greatly during training if they had to track down and micro manage soldiers.
Just think if you had a small unit, with ten non commissioned officers with thirty or so soldiers. If they had eight to ten soldiers who followed the misguided behavior of SPC Snuffy, they could cripple a unit. For each soldier it would take at least one non commissioned officer per soldier to counsel, correctively train, and supervise them. Attempting to complete all this while conducting training would most likely lead to poor training and then poor performance for the soldiers in the end. If this unit had to deploy to a forward combat area, the lives of many other soldiers could hang in the balance.
If they were combat engineers, they could be in charge of route clearance. Failure to properly learn improvised explosive device detection and defeat techniques could lead to catastrophic loss of life and property. It could cause a chain reaction resulting in changes in the lives of not only fellow soldiers but families in the states. Back to SPC Snuffy, who has failed to report three separate times. He has been counseled by his first line leader, been barred, had multiple types of corrective training, and received a company grade article 15. SPC Snuffy fails to report for the fourth time.
This time SPC Snuffy will receive a field grade article 15. A commander in the rank of major or above may administer this type of Article 15. The maximum punishment authorized at a field grade Article 15 is extra duty for 45 days, restriction for 60 days (maximum of 45 days if combined with extra duty), oral reprimand or admonition, forfeiture of one-half base pay per month for two months and/or reduction in rank to E-1 (E-4 and below) or reduction in rank of one grade (E-5 and E-6 only). At this time the commander may also start the chapter process to remove SPC Snuffy from the United States Army.
The chapter would most likely be initiated for patterns of misconduct. The Army considers the reasons for separation, including the specific circumstances that form the basis for the separation, on the issue of characterization. As a general matter, regulations require the military to determine characterization upon a pattern of behavior rather than an isolated incident. There are circumstances, however, in which the conduct or performance of duty reflected by a single incident provides the basis for characterization.
So now SPC Snuffy is starting to be chaptered from the United States Army for patterns of misconduct. This process can be very time consuming for the soldier and his non commissioned officer. He will have to serve the time for his article 15 if he received one. He will have to complete a phase one physical. This is a quick over view of him medical conditions, either pre existing or caused by something after his initial entry date. He will have to see legal and be advised of all his rights during this process. The Phase two physical is very long and very in depth look at your medical records front to back.
You sit down with a care provider and discuss any and all issues in depth. Anything the care physician cannot correct during this time is referred to the agencies that can fix or correct the issues that arose. SPC Snuffy may have to go back to mental health, any specialty clinics that he has been seen at. To clarify the process is pretty straight forward. Once the commander makes the determination the soldier is notified in writing. The written notice would let the soldier know exactly what they were being discharged for.
SPC Snuffy then has the right to talk to legal, for free, or a civilian attorney, out of pocket, and attach any documents to his rebuttal to the commander. Once the commander has received the packet from SPC Snuffy then he or she can determine whether or not to continue the chapter process. If the commander decides to continue the process an administrative board may convene if necessary. If a board is not a requirement thent he packet is forwarded to the approving authority. The approving authority is in most cases the installation commander.
The approval authority may consider many options when determining retention issues such as any combination of the following; the seriousness of the issue, the likelihood of the continuation of the behavior with rehabilitative training, the likelihood that the soldier would be disruptive or have undesirable influences at other duty stations, the soldier’s rehabilitative potential, and finally the soldier’s entire service packet to include any positive contributions to service, letters of commendation. Once the determination is made it will be sent down to the recommending authority.
Once it has been received and reviewed by the recommending authority then the soldier will be notified. The soldier may qualify for disability based on injuries but during most chapter processes the soldiers do not qualify. Any military related debts will be collected from the service member’s final pay. If a soldier receives a dd214 with reentry codes that prohibit them from rejoining the service or other branches of service can appeal the codes. This is a lengthy and time consuming process and very few soldiers have had success with this.
The greatest benefit to soldiers in this process is if there were any administrative errors during processing that may have been over looked. All the above situations just simply, simply a very lose term, covered the effects on day to day operations during duty in the garrison environment. Below I will cover two situations that would quickly adversely affect the unit and the Army mission. While the Army can be affected during garrison duties it is usually at a less cost than during deployment situations or contingency missions in a forward deployed area.
SPC Snuffy unit has received orders to deploy. They have been through all the mandatory training prior to deployment and tomorrow the early morning hours they are scheduled to fly. All soldiers have been released and have to report back in three hours for accountability. SPC Snuffy does not return, the hard flight time is in eight hours. The unit can simply report the soldier dialed to report or they can send a team to find him. If they decide to send a team to find him they have to ensure that all their equipment and paperwork is one hundred percent prepared to go.
The team has to be trust worthy and mentally prepared to go. If they let them go and one is not ready they risk the chance of another soldier trying to miss the flight. So for example the team leaves to find SPC Snuffy. The time window is very limited for the time they can look for this soldier. If his residence is far away they will be further limited on the areas that they can search. After going to his place of residence his wife says she has not heard from him since she dropped him off at a shoppette close to the unit. She told them he was going to walk to the unit after getting a drink.
So the team would have to return to post and go to the shoppette and talk to the cashier to see if anyone saw SPC Snuffy. If no one saw him then they would most likely be out of time. They would have to report back to the unit so that they could take appropriate actions. SPC Snuffy would not only be failing to report but he would be missing movement and very possibly become a deserter. This would adversely affect his life and that of the family he supports. This also causes great amounts of strain on the soldiers who relied on SPC Snuffy. He is not just an individual; he is a member of a team.
He had specific functions and duties to accomplish during any combat or support missions. His team is now forced to function at the same level as before even being short a member. As a specialist, Snuffy was in most cases one of the more senior soldiers with a great deal of responsibility and knowledge. His absence could lead to missions failing directly because he was not there. A soldier in his squad could die because a defensive perimeter had to be modified for the extra space. An encampment could be attacked and penetrated if he was not there to check on his soldiers and one of them fell asleep on tower guard.
The loss of just one soldier deploying forward to fight is tremendous. Other soldiers have to be trained in more than one task to cover the missing. The unit suffers because his gear and equipment has already been shipped. It has to be accounted for and possibly mailed back to the states if the soldier is found and processed for elimination. In this instance the actions of one soldier directly affects the mission of the Army. It created a detrimental effect on all those who knew him and worked with him. He stressed even the newest soldiers by putting them in positions they may not be prepared for.
This can cause issues and problems of its own, the ripples affect the whole theater of operations in theory. Most soldiers never really comprehend the effect of their actions when they act out or perform poorly. The last situation we will cover is if a soldier fails to report while in theater. This I believe has one of the biggest impacts of all. A soldier who has had multiple issues and sent forward because the unit needed personal sometimes does more damage than good. They can cause dissention in the unit. So the unit has been deployed for about four months now and SPC Snuffy fails to report for guard duty accountability.
A supernumerary is sent to his room but there is no answer. There is no wait between his actions and the consequences on the mission. The non commissioned officer in charge will have to determine if the guard duty can function with the absence of SPC Snuffy or if the guard he was meant to replace has to continue his shift. If he determines that the guard can function one soldier short, then the whole team is stressed and has to work harder until SPC Snuffy can be located or at worst the whole shift. The soldiers would have to work harder, and be more vigilant to cover the areas that were left by SPC Snuffy’s absence.
If the guard who was supposed to be relieved had to stay, this may cause further issues. If it was a joint unit guard duty then that unit would be involved as well. The soldiers unit could be upset because they have other missions to complete and the schedule of one soldier may be important. The soldier may have guard duty now and then 10 hours before a combat security patrol. If he misses his rest window, he could be dangerous during the mission, if he doesn’t go then his unit would have to cover his absence and the domino effect just continues on.
If the guard stays and SPC Snuffy’s unit sends soldiers to find him then that again takes away from soldiers who should be sleeping, eating, and or preparing for other missions. Once he is found he will have to get ready, get briefed and report to his duty. The other soldier mayor may not make his own timelines within his unit. There is usually very little leeway time when it pertains to soldiers schedules during forward deployment. It basically is mission, eating, rest, sleep, briefing and then mission. Something that seems as simple as one or two hours in any direction can seriously impact more than just the one unit.
If SPC Snuffy was an engineer he might be the one who is in charge of running route clearance equipment. His mission could be canceled. This could again lead to the catastrophic loss of life, if an improvised explosive device was left undiscovered or placed because the insurgents placed one when they noticed no activity from the Army in the area. His actions could end the lives of soldiers and cause loss of equipment. These two actions can almost stop a unit from performing even the simplest of missions. Notifications of family members, preparation of remains, funerals, equipment recovery and repair just top the list.
This one instance of one mission being cancelled could slow the progress made in a whole region. It could cause us to seemingly pause and the insurgents seeing this may feel renewed and increase their presence and actions in the area. This could result in more and more catastrophic events and a severe loss of morale in any unit. While researching this essay and creating the scenarios to see how failure to report adversely affects the Army and it’s mission, I learned that something I thought was simple was actually a complex issue. I see failure to report often in fellow soldiers and not much happens.
I don’t think soldiers grasp the severity of this concept and what it could really mean. The impact can be local or it can literally be global. The situations are of my own creation but simple as they are they illustrate my points. The simplest being a garrison failure to report and the catastrophic events from a soldier in theater failing to report. From each end of the spectrum you can clearly see that it is not an issue of just one soldier, it can range from 2-5 (soldier, squad, squad leader, platoon sergeant) or to whole units. The ost commonly heard thing from the mouths of my fellow soldiers is that failure to report is not a big issue. Even if you had them read this essay I am not sure they would understand the seriousness of it. If they had to stand in a formation for a funeral of a fellow soldier who lost their life because someone failed to do their job by showing up, I believe it would change. If they were the ones who had to notify a family member and explain that their son or daughter died because some other soldier was neglectful or just did not care enough to report, they would not see it that way.
I do not believe that it is much an issue of not caring but of short sightedness. If they could see beyond themselves and how their actions really and truly changed the course of action for a day then they would comprehend. I honestly did not see why it was so important. After doing a lot of research and talking with a few non commissioned officers I trust and believe in I think that I may actually have an understanding of how failure to report adversely affects the Army. . References Insert References Here.