According to history, the introduction of wild herbs, plants, meat from hunted animals and sea foods composed the so called “food revolution” during the Early Woodland era, initially perceived to have existed during 1000 BCE. Later investigations mentioned that a fiber-rich diet consisting mostly of grains were also included as part of the diet of the people during the Early Woodland era, first being seen during 2500 BCE in regions of Chesapeake Bay. Nonetheless, these early regions were usual Archaic territories, with the difference only in the utilization of fundamental ceramic technology.
As such, experts are now restructuring the time to start with not only ceramic technology, but the existence of established communities, extensive burial customs, intensive harvesting of starchy plants, differentiation in social structure, and detailed endeavors, among other elements (Farnsworth, 1986). Majority of these are obvious in the Chesapeake Bay area by 1000 BCE. The Chesapeake Bay culture is the well-known initial Woodland community. In some regions, Deptford ceramic technology existed until ca. 700 CE.
Most communities can be found near the waters, often alongside marshes. Corns and juicy fruits were also eaten, as well as grapes and watermelon. The usual meat being eaten was the meat of a deer. Shellfish was also an essential component of the diet, and various middens are also identified. As was established in the past investigations, one of the main causes for the need to manage the food revolution among the Early Woodland communities in the past was the concept of survival and subsistence which was essential for the stable operations of the community.
Nonetheless, it was very good to view the manner in which various concepts and past studies have been able to motivate the quality of life among Early Woodland communities at present and the policies of community members regarding the types of their food (Tooker, 1980). With the origins of Early Woodland communities being utilized as the foundations for the path where the community will pass and also for the concepts and ideas that will be next to it, it can be viewed that the community’s foods almost all the time had an eternal impact on the population
On the other hand, the late Archaic period was an era of imminent migration of people, even though the numbers of people do not seem to have become limited. In most territories the establishment of burial places decreased significantly, as well as foreign exchange of goods in exotic products (Arnold, 1994). At the same time, archery technologies significantly replaced the utilization of the spear, and agricultural cultivation of maize, beans, and squash was implemented. While significant agricultural production did not start until the Mississippian era, the start of the food revolution significantly relied on plants.
The relationship of the vegetables such as maize, beans, and squash are most the time connected to the concern of the people to eat healthy foods (Merrill, 2001). It has been proven that the concept of health was an initiative by the Archaic people and societies to gain an initiative on the community in an action to dominate and to understand it. Even though anthropology has proved various studies regarding the origins of vegetables such as maize, beans, and squash, various understanding concerning the food revolution among the late Archaic communities remains existent.
The late Archaic communities faced various challenges and obstacles in the advent of the food revolution. But ultimately, there have been major developments that have evolved from these challenges. These are: (a) the need for proper subsistence systems and policies; (b) the need for initiatives from the community members to cultivate plants hunt for food; (c) increased responsibilities from the leaders and the people ;(d) re-evaluation of the ideas of settlements and subsistence (Pauketat, 2004). Also, the types of food have gradually changed from a meat-based to a plant-based type. References Arnold, J, 1994.
The Holdener Site: Late Woodland, Emergent Mississippian, and Mississippian Occupations in the American Bottom Uplands. Illinois Transportation Farnsworth, K, 1986. Early Woodland Archaeology. Center for Amer Archeology Pr Merrill, Y, 2001. Hands-On America Vol. 1: Art Activities About Vikings, Explorers, Woodland Indians and Colonial Life. Kits Publishing Pauketat, T, 2004. Ancient Cahokia and the Mississippians. Cambridge University Press Tooker, E, 1980. Native North American Spirituality of the Eastern Woodlands: Sacred Myths, Dreams, Visions, Speeches, Healing Formulas, Rituals and Ceremonials. Paulist Press