What are some reasons why numerous athletes take different kinds of drugs? Why is drugs banned in sports? Do drugs harm to our body? Why athletes use these drugs? These are most common question we asked about drugs. And in this paper we would try to answer this question and give basis. A substance that when taken into the body produces a change is what we known as drug. If the changes helps the body, this drugs are referred as medicine however if the change harms the body, the drug is referred to as a poison.
Moreover, the use of drugs to improve sporting performance is called doping. And it has occurred all through out history and has been responsible not only for a variety of improved sporting performances, but also in unhealthy side effects and even cause deaths to some athletes. In the year 1967, due to health and ethical reasons, the International Olympic Committee decided to prohibit and restricts certain substances and methods that could be used in the attempt to enhance athlete’s performance.
Although a minority group of athletes continue to experiment outside the rules of competition, these athletes are risking their chances and the possibility to be banned from their sport if discovered during drug testing, not to mention the possibility of suffering the short and long term side effects of these drugs may cause to them. http://www. smartplay. net/moves/drugs/drugsinfo. html Certain drugs have the possibility to boost athletic performance; however they carry the risk of its side effects, which may possibly include death and life-long morbidity.
Examples of these case include a cyclist dying from stimulant abuse at some point in the 1960 Rome Olympics, and deaths from cardiovascular disease and various cancers resulting from use of anabolic steroids, as well as the lasting androgenising effects of these drugs, including infertility. (Yesalis, 2002) Ban on the use of unsafe performance-enhancing drugs have been introduce in almost all sports more than the past 4 decades. Antidoping laws are trying to minimize the numbers of athletes that are now engaging in doping, even though the enforcement of antidoping laws is, unsurprisingly, not 100% successful.
(Savulescu, at. al, 2004) For the reason that there is a awareness that it is impossible to completely enforce antidoping laws, several commentators argue that these laws be relaxed to create an “open” but debatably more “even” playing field. Nevertheless, sport without antidoping laws would disadvantage athletes who wanted to compete at an elite level without risking their health. http://www. mja. com. au/public/issues/184_03_060206/orc10359_fm. html
Drug use by athletes has been a most important problem discuss by diverse committees and officials. A number of athletes use performance-enhancing drugs to increase a competitive advantage and to advance their athletic ability ahead of the levels of their competitors. Athletes that compete in swimming could use stimulants to help them not to feel the fatigue or tiredness. These stimulants consist of a variety of amphetamines. In addition, stimulants speed up heart rates, raise blood pressure, and take away appetite (Clearinghouse, 2001).
On the other hand, amphetamine is usually used in sports among athletes and is identified to “mask fatigue rather preventing it”(Nelson, 1995) Furthermore, the use of amphetamine causes the heart to over work and can lead to strokes and heart attacks. Users of amphetamine are at serious risk for the reason that these drugs make users lose their purpose. Moreover, the user bodies are attentive at all times and their adrenaline levels increase. They have plenty of energy and can become unsafe if energy is not directed properly.
Athletes and users of stimulants ought to become familiar with the physical description of the drug and how it’s applied. Weightlifters and football players use erongenic drugs that build body mass and enhance growth hormones. Experts and officials are researching, the question why athletes use drugs? There are several factors contributing to drug use by athletes: These factors are media, social status, financial rewards, coach, and peers. If athletes continue to use drugs, health risk will arise in the future.
Moreover, media has paying attention more on the Olympic and colligates athletes caught using drugs other than the studies of reported incidents of drugs used by lots of athletes. “Reported records show that high school and junior high school athletes are using steroids at a reported 1. 4% to 10. 9%. Most frightening is that these athletes do not have enough knowledge of the possible side affects of these drugs. Their motive for using drugs was to increase muscle size, sexual performance, and prevent sport injuries. ”(Howson, 2000).
Professional and colligate athletes are also the victims of lack of knowledge in the drugs they place in their bodies. The IOC or the International Olympic Committee and IAAF (International Amateur Athletic Federation) are trying to teach athletes about doping in sports and with a “no tolerance” law instituted in the fight against doping in sports athletes would have to obey the set standards. In addition, drug use in sports affects the world for the reason that fans, media, and family think of athletes as gifted humans with superior abilities.
People look at athletes as heroes, entertainers, and “money drawers”. The possible solution for doping in sports has to first start with the athlete’s attitude’s to be truthful or honest competitors. The IAAF can ban and suspend as many athletes as they want though if the athletes feel they can cheat without getting caught their going to do what they can to win. Furthermore, the IOC and IAAF are doing a marvelous job in testing in and out of competitions, however what about in training test, meaning test given by coaches and trainers to athletes for every sport on all levels.
This is a huge job for health professionals since we need them to assist in our fight by educating these athletes to the health risk they face by using these drugs for a better performance. Athletes who take performance-enhancing drugs are not leveling the playing field. They are bulldozing their careers and their honesty. Taking drugs such as steroids has turn into ordinary thing in the high-pressure worlds of high school, college and professional sports and most specially the athletes. Performance-enhancing drugs are use to increase endurance, power, adrenaline, energy, resistance and concentration.
In addition, athletes who do not take banned substances might feel they are at a weakness when team members and opponents do. But turning a blind eye on the problem or condoning drug use is not the answer. Sports are at their greatest when they showcase athletes’ superior, natural abilities. If doped-up athletes turn into the norm, sports teams and individual athletes will lose their competitive integrity. Furthermore, athletes have known the possible side effects of drugs for years, and that knowledge has not been much of prevention.
That is because coaches, administrators and athletic regulators do not efficiently test or educate their players. It is better if the athletes use their natural ability and win without the uses of performance enhancing drugs. It is fair enough to ban the use of certain drugs. http://www. personalmd. com/news/n0126023800. shtml Furthermore, individuals who think athletes must be held to a drug-free standard offer numerous reasons. Several argue that taking drugs is merely a form of cheating that must not be allowed.
Others argue that drug use and doubt of drug use threaten the enjoyment many people receive from watching athletes compete. “One of the biggest problems with sports today,” writes tennis and sports writer Christopher Clarey, “is that whenever someone does something remarkable—sets a world record, runs through the pain, steps suddenly from the shadows into the light—it creates as much suspicion as it does sense of wonder. ” Moreover, concern for the health of athletes is one more reason many contest drugs in sports. Countless performance-enhancing drugs pose health risks.
Stimulants can cause change in heart rhythm and increase blood pressure. Anabolic steroids are associated with liver and heart disorders, psychiatric disturbances, and reduced fertility. They as well are responsible for masculinizing effects on women. In addition, those who worry about health risks argue that many athletes do not actually have much of a free choice whether or not to be drug free if cheaters win and typically go uncaught and unpunished. Athletes then are confronted with the dilemma of having to take drugs themselves to give themselves a fighting possibility at competing.
For athletes who trained for years to achieve a shot at an Olympic medal or other athletic goal without the use of drugs can be a hard choice, even though surveys of elite athletes recommend that many would find the temptation difficult to overcome. Interview Interview with Athletic Professor Anthony Antonio 1. How many years have you been Athletic Professor? I’m in the service for almost 4 years now. And I can say that I’m now aware of what was going on about certain athletes that use performance enhancing drugs. 2. Can you name any professional athletes that you know who use drugs and coaches turn their backs?
“Arnold Schwarzenegger was on steroids throughout his weightlifting career and he won many competitions. Most steroids users compete in football, weightlifting, basketball, and baseball. Baseball cases are starting to rise. You know when a person is using steroids for the reason that it’s not possible for a person to gain 140 pounds in one year. People on steroids bulk up and they look pump. ” How do you know it’s not their natural cut? “Simple, since muscle is 70% water when you are on steroids your muscle look pumped. I know what natural cut looks like. ” 3.
Do you know anything about stimulants? Yes, stimulants increase the amount of norepinephrine and dopamine in the brain, which increases blood pressure and heart rate, constricts blood vessels, increases blood glucose, and increases breathing. Also when athletes use these drugs it helps them not to feel the fatigue. 4. Is drug use being controlled concisely? “No not really. The Olympic committee is catching people however there are still athletes who are masking before test. So everyone isn’t getting caught. 5. If you could do anything to stop this problem what would you do?
For me, the best ways is to have unannounced drug test, but surely some still can pass and cheat. Athletes will still risk their chances. 6. Do you agree to ban and prohibit the use of drugs in sports? Why? Yes, for the reason that there are many side effects of using it and it is not fair for others who are still believe in their natural abilities. Health conditions are also at risk. References: http://www. smartplay. net/moves/drugs/drugsinfo. html Yesalis C, Bahrke M. Anabolic-androgenic steroids and related substances. Curr Sports Med Rep 2002; 1: 246-252.
Savulescu J, Foddy B, Clayton M. Why we should allow performance enhancing drugs in sport. Br J Sports Med 2004; 38: 666-670. http://www. mja. com. au/public/issues/184_03_060206/orc10359_fm. html Clearinghouse. Steroids. Departmnet of Health ; Addiction Services. May. 2001. ;htpp://www. ctclearinghouse. org;Nelson, Elizabeth A. Coping With Drugs and Sports. Rosen Publishing Inc, N. Y. C. 1995 Howson, Natalie. ASDA achieves Olympic team drug testing target. ASDA. Sept 2000. Nov 2000. http://www. adsa. org. au/fs_media. html http://www. personalmd. com/news/n0126023800. shtml