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Drug abuse is a widespread problem in our society. An estimated 14. 8 million Americans are current illicit drug users (US Department of Health and Human Services, 2000). The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration reported that 77 percent of illicit drug users in the United States are employed. It starts from schooling and spreads across different walks of life. In 1988, the Drug-free Workplace Act was passed, requiring all federal grantees and some recipients of federal contracts to agree to provide a drug-free workplace as a condition of receiving federal money.

Problems related to alcohol and drug abuse cost American businesses roughly $81 billion in lost productivity in just one year (US Department of Health and Human Services, 1995). Employees who use drugs cost their employers about twice as much in medical claims as do non-drug-using employees. It is important to have a drug free school or work place. Organizations should take steps to achieve a drug-free work place. Organizations can conduct training to ensure that employees along with supervisors understand their organization’s policy on alcohol and drug use.

It is critical that an organization educate its workers about the nature of alcohol and drug use and its negative impact on workplace safety and productivity. Organizations can use Drug-Free Work Week to encourage employees to assess their own use of alcohol and drugs and privately determine if they need help to change their behavior. Companies should publicize available community treatment resources. Another way to promote organization’s dedication is to grant employees time off to volunteer to assist with efforts to prevent substance abuse in the larger community or organize a team of volunteers to support a local prevention initiative.

Such efforts often are coordinated by schools, faith-based organizations and anti-drug organizations. Reference: US Department of Health and Human Services Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2000). 1999 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse. Rockville, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services. US Department of Health and Human Services Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (1995). Substance Abuse and Mental Health Statistics Sourcebook. Rockville, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services. http://workplace. samhsa.

gov/WPWorkit/workitindex. html To achieve a drug-free workplace, it is critical that an organization educate its workers about the nature of alcohol and drug use and its negative impact on workplace safety and productivity. organizations can conduct training to ensure supervisors understand their organization’s policy on alcohol and drug use Organizations can use Drug-Free Work Week to encourage employees to assess their own use of alcohol and drugs and privately determine if they need help to change their behavior. For example, organizations can inform employees about the confidential, self-

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