The term domestic violence or domestic abuse refers to various connotations and it can also be termed as spousal abuse or intimate partner violence. These forms of abuses usually occur when family members or partner even ex-partners make attempt dominate another via physical or psychological methods. Generally domestic violence is referred to as the violence between spouses, but may include cohabitants and intimate partners who may not be married and it perpetrated by both men and women. Rates of Domestic violence It has been reported that around 76,000 households which comprise of over 135,000 persons
are victims of domestic violence (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2007). Unfortunately, domestic abuse is not only restricted to painstaking torture as it can even lead to death. Statistics show that about 1,232 women are murdered each year by an intimate partner (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2007). It has been seen that about 85 to 95 percent of all domestic violence victims are female. More than 500, 00 women have been stalked by some intimate partner every year. In spite of many hotlines being available to report these abuses, almost 5.
3 million women get abused each year. Domestic violence has been researched as the leading cause of grievance and injury to women. The Department of Justice, Washington revealed that the state felony defendants, who were charged with domestic violence or DV, had been prosecuted and convicted at similar percentiles, or higher, compared to felony defendants charged with non-domestic violence. According to them the descriptions of intimate violence involves rape, homicide, robbery and emotional abuse (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2007).
A study by the department had revealed that comparison between domestic and non-domestic sexual assault cases filed in state courts of 15 major urban counties during May 2002. The surveys of public opinion, which focused on criminal justice topics, were conducted on a periodical basis in the United States. Such surveys are conducted by public opinion research organizations, in concern with political campaigns or in general social surveys show the slightly declining percentile of domestic violence (Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics, n.
d). Judging from the Federal Bureau of Investigation active reports index, there is an 0. 88% of a crime convicted for Domestic Violence and a 0. 02% Protection Restraining Order for Domestic Violence. This data shows that domestic violence ranks 5th among the highest crime rates committed, ranking first is the Unlawful illegal alien (74. 17%), followed by adjudicated mental health (13. 44%), fugitive from justice (6. 36%) and punishable crimes for one year to not more than two years (3. 82%) (Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2009). Conclusion
The fact that Domestic Violence is still not yet clearly wiped out from the nation’s system is as distressing as the crime itself. However, data shows that there had been slight deterioration of it, perhaps due to the active involvement of forces like the police, which help alleviate such things to happen. The data gathered from the FBI is sufficient proof that authorities have been actively handling this case as there are lesser accounts of domestic violence over the years. Also, the data sources that the researcher gathered proved that there are more women that get abused for domestic violence.
This may be due to the fact that not all women can defend themselves against males. Domestic Violence does not only account to physical abuse such as torture or rape but also to non-verbal emotional abuse and non-physical abuse such as robbery. There is a requirement for tougher law enforcement agencies, along with aggressive prosecutions and effective prevention programs. There should be the availability of shelters fand other support programs for families in distress. But one of the most vital factors here would be the assurance that people understand domestic violence, and get over the fact that it is a private matter.
Domestic violence is a crime and a social problem, and adequate reporting and punishment is required here. References Bureau of Justice Statistics. (2007). Intimate Partner Violence in the United States. Retrieved on July 14, 2009, from: http://www. ojp. usdoj. gov/bjs/ Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics. (n. d). US Department of Justice & Bureau of Justice Statistics. Retrieved on July 14, 2009 from: http://www. albany. edu/sourcebook/ Federal Bureau of Investigation. (2009). Active Records. Retrieved from: http://www. fbi. gov/hq/cjisd/nics/activerecords. htm