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Domestic violence is an abuse. It involves injuring someone; usually a spouse or partner, but it can also be a parent, child or other family member. Domestic violence can also be referred to as battery, partner abuse or spousal abuse. It is the most common cause of injury to women aged 15 to 44. Victim may suffer physical injuries such as bruises or broken bones. They may suffer emotional from depressions anxiety or social isolation. It is hard to know exactly how common domestic violence is, because people of ten don’t report it.

There is no typical victim. It happens among people of all ages. It affects those of all levels of income and education. The above information is of importance to nur3eses in that, in order to deal effectively with violence cases, a good understanding of the causes is crucial (Yoder, Darrow, & Sherck, 65). A domestic partner is a current or former spouse, boy friend or girlfriend with whom the individual has had an intimate relationship.

Although many have given varying definitions to the term domestic violence, nurses and other health care providers tend to define domestic violence from a point of view of a pattern characterized by assaultive or intimidating behaviours, including physical that adults or adolescents use against their intimate partner (Armitage, 96). Health care is the prevention, treatment, and management of illness and the preservation of mental and physical well being throughout has for a very long term benefited from the input of nurses.

Therefore, nurses need to look at domestic violence as a national health problem which may result in physical, psychological and economic abuse and is a major impediment to accomplishing of major health goals (Saewyc, Levitt, 78). Physically, the assaulted suffers injuries, psychologically, the assaulted suffer mental stress and strain, economically, the assaulted suffer financial deficiency and become economically in active. Domestic violence as a result of forced sex or rape in some serious instances increases the risk of unplanned pregnancy, premature marriages, increase in school drop out indices and sexually transmitted diseases.

Incidences of Domestic Violence Domestic Violence crisis mostly affects women. There is a Plethora of statistics that support the fact that majority affected by domestic violence are women, which introduces a new dimension to the field of nursing. Coincidentally, most of the nursing professionals are women. The second group affected by domestic violence is the children. They suffer both sleep and psychological disorders. These, in essence, will lead to a series of problems in school. Some of which will lead to drastic drop in the performance, and it tight cases eventually drop out.

Domestic violence against children is almost like child abuse. Though domestic violence occurs to children it is difficult to accurately and vividly establish the extent to which it occurs. This is because of two factors: There is very little official documented data and the low rates of reporting by those affected. However, by piecing together various raw statistics, some idea of the seriousness of the vice can be gleaned. In Queensland, 88% respondents to the phone – in conducted by the Queensland Domestic Violence Task Force reported the presence of the dependent children in the household during the course of the violence relationship.

In Western Australia, the Domestic Violence Task Force found that 84% of the respondents had children living in the same household as the abusive partner. Domestic Violence against Men Very little is known about the actual number of men who are in a domestic relationship in which they are treated violently by women. There are many reasons why we don’t know more about domestic violence against men. The incidence of domestic violence reported by men appears to be too low that it is hard to get reliable estimated. It has taken years to advocacy and support to encourage women to report domestic violence.

Virtually nothing has been done to encourage men to do so. Finally, the idea that men could be victims of domestic violence is so unthinkable to most people that many men will not even attempt to report the situation. Causes of Domestic Violence Domestic violence may start when one partner feels the need to control and dominate other. This domination takes the form of emotional, physical or sexual abuse. An individual who was ex posed to domestic violence in the household while growing up is at an increased risk of becoming either an abuser or the abused in his or her adult relationship.

Thus, domestic violence is transmitted from one generation to the next. In a nutshell, factors that lead to domestic violence include: Stress, economic hardship, depression, jealousy, mental illness, and substance abuse mainly alcohol. Effects of Domestic Violence The adverse effects of domestic violence can be very long lasting. People who experience domestic violence often suffer from: depression, anxiety of attacks, low self-esteem, lack of trust in others feeling of abandonment, anger, sensitivity to rejection chronic health problems, inability to work, poor relationship, substance abuse, serious injuries and occasionally death.

Children who witness domestic violence develop serious emotional, behavioral, developmental, or academic problems. As pointed out earlier, they may become violent themselves. As they develop, children who grow up with domestic violence in the household are likely to: exhibit and inhibit violent and aggressive behavioral, attempt suicide, use and abuse drugs, commit crimes especially sexual assault, become abusers in their own relationships later in life. Preventing and screening domestic violence

At minimum, screening should be conducted by a health care provider who has been trained about the dynamics of domestic violence, the safety and autonomy of abused patients and cultural competency and has the opportunity to speak to the patient in a private setting. At first, the patients should be screened for any domestic violence that occurred anytime in their lives. Occasionally, the patients should be screened for abuse over the past year. Conclusion

In so far as we cannot end domestic violence we can try find help and support for oneself by talking to someone we trust, a friend, relatives neighbour coworker religious or spiritual advisor. Physician, nurse, psychiatrist or therapist about the violence, calling the police in case of danger and remember, you know your situation better than anyone else. Don’t let someone talk you into doing that isn’t right for you. Reference. Armitage S. Nurses` understanding of domestic violence. Advances in contemporary nursing and interpersonal violence [e-book]. Sydney, Australia: eContent Management Pty Ltd; May2006:311-323.

Available from: CINAHL Plus with Full Text, Ipswich, MA. Accessed July 17, 2007. L, Saewyc E, Levitt C. Gender differences in extra familial sexual abuse experiences among young teens. Journal of School Nursing [serial online]. Oct2006; 22(5):278-284. Available from: CINAHL Plus with Full Text, Ipswich, MA. Accessed July 17, 2007. Yoder M, Darrow J, Sherck J. Barriers to screening for domestic violence in the emergency department. Journal of Continuing Education in nursing [serial online]. Jan; 38(1):37-45. Available from: CINAHL Plus with Full Text, Ipswich, MA. Accessed July 17, 2007

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