Early adulthood is stage of individual’s development generally occurring between the ages of 21-35. The interface between the human experience and the social work practice defines the biological, psychological, and the spiritual dimensions of the human life cycle. Research shows that domestic violence is a social issue that impacts nearly 4 million relationships per year and crosses the boundaries of all ethnicities, socioeconomic statuses, ages, and cultures.
It is defined as “the use of physical force and/or verbal menace in order to intimidate another person with whom a personal or intimate family relationship exists” (Jeanot, Barlow, & Rosenburgl, 2008, p. 557). Young adults experiencing domestic violence encounter not only the danger of being with a violent individual, but also the struggles to successfully achieve their potential milestones. Domestic violence accounts for 16% of all reported violent incidents.
Developmental Characteristics – Young adults experiencing domestic violence encounter not only the danger of being with a violent individual, but also the struggles between opting for intimate relationship versus isolation. Victims of cycle of violence are predisposed to be abusers when they become adults. The tension slowly shapes their personality and they are often pushed into acute battering incidents. Risk Factors for Domestic Violence – Risk factor are anything that increases the likelihood that the person will perpetrate intimate partner violence.
Some of the risk factors include male partners, who abused alcohol or drugs, unemployment, illiteracy, or strained relationships. Poverty is seen as a big risk factor for domestic violence. Biological Development – Domestic violence may hamper the biological development of the patient resulting in early adulthood. Psychological Development – The domestic violence also hampers the psychological development of the victim. The victims of domestic violence are faced with emotional and behavioral problems.
Easy-going children with mentally strong mothers are less likely to react to stresses and more likely to get support from their caregivers. Social Development – The cycle of domestic violence is generally perpetuated by fear, shame, isolation, and lack of resources. Re-victimization is a strong social issue that keeps the victims at higher risk for getting even more isolated from help and social support. The social structure often provides short-term and conditional aid to the victims leaving them socially insecure.
Prevention Strategies used by Social Workers – Targeting desired change in individuals, society by mobilizing communities and engaging them in supporting, developing and promoting prevention strategies is a key solution. Such strategies aim to transform the social norms and structures which are the root cause of domestic violence. Intervention Methods – Early identification and intervention with victims is a vital step in checking the domestic violence. Promoting training and extending resources to the victims and employing community policing is a good technique.
Theory Related to Socialization – The dependent variables of the structural development must be assimilated in the social system to withstand any kind of attack. Also, the impact of cognitive revolution must be assessed to analyze socialization agents and processing capabilities. Ethical Issues & Practitioner Dilemmas –Informed consent and other issues related to client safety, confidentiality, scope of competence, financial issues and advertising are some major issues faced by the practitioner. A model code of conduct ensures protection of patients rights.