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Domestic violence is where by a member of a certain family dominates another member of the family in a physical manner. This causes violence between spouses and people who cohabitate as well as those who are not married. It is said that domestic violence occurs in all the cultures that exist in the world. It could be races of people, people of the same religion as well as people of the same or different ethnicities. The perpetrators of domestic violence are men as well as women.

The domestic violence occurs in many forms and they include: physical violence; threats that leads to violence; sexual abuse; intimidation by one of the partners and emotional abuse. Physical abuse is violence and includes injuring of the partner physically. Sexual violence is the worst and most people are raped and this is in the category of criminal activities. Domestic violence can occur frequently or once in a while and if it is ignored, it could lead to death. The awareness of domestic violence was started by women’s movement in 1970’s because wives were the most affected people at the time.

This has caused a great risk of health in women and it was reported that it affected more than 32 million Americans according to Vitanza et al 20. The study of domestic violence is very important because it helps in avoiding the cases of death. The effects are also passed to the children, and this could cause them to commit criminal activities. Domestic violence is wrong and it is illegal and should not happen to anyone. This is because domestic violence has long time effects on the affected person. These effects can be physical and psychological and its impacts are on the children and all those who witness it.

This is because the most affected people in the domestic violence are the children. The violence causes the affected people to isolate from family and friends and this causes them to loose their social network. The victims also loose their self esteem and efficacy to others. This leads to the victims not expressing their talents, participating in activities that others participate in like, employment, schooling and other positive developments. The violence also leads to serious injuries that could lead to hospitalization and also death.

Domestic violence leads to robbing a particular victim the fundamental right to live in harmony or to have a control on their lives. This is because one does not feel safe in their environment and also at home. The victims also feel hard to offer protection to themselves and their children. Domestic violence is said to be the cause of child abuse. According to Barnett, O. W. 350, 50% to 70% of people involved in violence are likely to also abuse their children. Also according to the same reports, children who come from home that have abusive parents are 1500 likely to be frequently abused.

According to research, juvenile delinquency is closely related to physical injury as a result of domestic violence. Children who come from violent homes are said to be at six times higher chances of suicide attempts and 50% chances of engaging in drug abuse. The violence has caused the children and their parent to turn to alcoholics. According to Wisner, C. , et al 1999, the most tragic effect of domestic violence is death and it is estimated that men between 11 and 22 years old who are jailed have committed homicide in that they have killed those who have battered their mothers. There are signs of abuse that one should look out for.

One is injuries; they have all sorts of injuries on their bodies, from scratches to broken bones and bruises. The affected also have stress and this leads to depression over time. The victims are also said to loose their jobs as they spend most of their time absent from work in order to attend to hospital. They also spend more time in courts and they also move from one place to another to avoid cases of violence. In conclusion all the domestic violence cases should be reported to the authorities to avoid more harm than good. There are centers that have been formed and this act to provide counseling to the affected people.

This helps those parents and children, who are victims to adjust to the situation and also for the prevention of long term effects. Words:743 Works Cited Barnett, O. W. Why battered women do not leave, part 1: External inhibiting factors within society. Trauma, Violence, and Abuse, 1, (2000). 343-372. Harway, M. & Hansen, M. Spouse Abuse: Assessing and Treating Battered Women, Batterers, and Their Children. Sarasota, Florida: Professional Resource Press. (1994). Perrone, J. “Red Flags Offer Clues in Spotting Domestic Abuse. ” Violence, A Compendium from JAMA. Chicago: The American Medical Association. (1992). Straus, M. A.

Injury and Frequency of Assault and the Representative Sample Fallacy in Measuring Wife Beating and Child Abuse. In M. A. Straus & R. J. Gelles (Eds. ), Physical violence in American Families: Risk Factors and Adaptations to Violence in 8,145 F amilies New Brunswick, NJ; Transaction. (1990). pp. 75-91 Vitanza, S. , Vogel, L. C. , & Marshall, L. LDistress and Symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Abused Women. Violence and Victims, 10, (1995). 23-34. Wisner, C. , Gilmer, T. , Saltzman, L. , Zink, T. Intimate Partner Violence Against Women Do Victims Cost Health Plans More? Journal of Family Practice, June. (1999).

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