Contemporary Ethics In Medicine.
Over the years, physicians have followed the duty of antiquity such as Hippocratic Oath and rabbinic teachings that have denied the patients off their autonomy in issues dealing with their health. This was largely caused by claims that increased involvement of the patient in their treatment would delay the process (Branch, 2009). However, patients should be fully informed and their decision considered for holistic treatment to be effective. Besides, it would improve the relationship between the physicians and the patients thereby opening new windows for addressing the societal problems (Beauchamp & Childress, 2001).
Values in medical ethics.
Lisa & Felicia, (2008) points out those health care providers, must always respect the autonomous decisions of the patients during their duties even when the patients do not necessarily agree with them. With the people in the society being autonomous beings their aspirations and immediate demands must be taken seriously. Physicians must take the adults as their equals and thus ensure that there is continuity of the self, rationality and inter subjectivity of the society demanded values.
Use of dialog between the patient and the physician.
To ensure that the patients’ desires are understood and met, intensive dialog must be initiated. It is clear that the physical expression leaves a lot of information unexposed which could assist the physician in making the correct decision regarding the immediate problem. This approach ensures that the rational decision is taken via reduced generalization and possible coercion (William & Aitchison, 2008). Besides it is the responsibility of the physician to ensure that the patient fully understands the repercussions of the different treatment options that they recommend to them.
However, this autonomy is at times compromised by the prevailing circumstances that hinder immediate and informed decisions to be taken (Beauchamp & Childress, 2001).
Beneficence in medicine.
Branch (2009) argues that, many are the times when the principle of autonomy conflicts with the patients will. However, it is an important obligation that doctors must ensure they promote the well being of the patients at all times. The patient may be incapacitated to make the correct decision therefore prompting the physician to take the best available option. It is a requirement that the doctors’ work is based on the premise of doing no harm to their patients at all times.
Patients’ autonomy as argued by Christian-Hippocratic approach should be applied selectively with the physician disregarding the negative un-Godly demands by the patients like physician-assisted suicide when they realize they are affected with different diseases like HIV & AIDS. The approach requires the physicians to appreciate human propensity which is not always uniquely related to paternalistic models (Branch, 2009).
Ethics in medicine demands strong and effective consideration of the autonomy of the patients as a major aspect of enhancing strong healing process and respect for human sanctity and integrity. It is therefore of great importance to ensure that the patients are comprehensively informed of the decisions the physicians are to take. However, the immediate demarcation is very vague due to the nature of the different conditions for the patients that compromise its application. Therefore, it is vital for the physicians to uphold high ethical standards at all times necessary for a healthy nation.
Branch, J. A. (2009). Respecting Patients Autonomy”. Ethics & Medicine. Available at> http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa4004/is_200307/ai_n9242154
Beauchamp, T. & Childress, J. (2001). Principles of Biomedical Ethics. New York: Oxford University Pres.
Lisa, A. & Felicia, C. (2008). The Ethics of Bioethics: Mapping the Moral Landscape. New York: JHU Press.
William, G. & Aitchison, R. (2008). Medical Conduct and Practice; A Guide to the Ethics of Medicine: A Guide to the Ethics of Medicine. Washington: READ BOOKS.