Axia College Material Appendix C Fill in the table below by classifying each philosophy as either teacher-centered or student-centered authority. Next, identify the main characteristics of that philosophy. (The first one is completed for you as an example. ) Once you have completed the table, answer the questions below. Educational Philosophies Table Philosophy |Teacher- or Student-Centered |Characteristics | | |Authority | | | | | | |Perennialism |Teacher-centered |Knowledge is enduring, seeks everlasting truths, views | | | |principles of existence as constant or unchanging, values the | | | |ability to reason, associated with idealism | |Progressivism |Student-centered |Education should be dependent on humans that gains knowledge | | | |best in genuine existence action with others. Thoughts that are | | | |of knowledge being entrenched by questions and answers are a | | | |hypothesis. |Reconstructionism |Student-Centered |To be trained to examine the world’s incidents and discover | | | |divisive problems while establishing a vision for a fresh world | | | |is compulsory. | |Positivism |Teacher-Centered |To be optimistic about information in a different method of | | | |belief in three chronological periods, The first being a | | | |theological period while the second is metaphysical and the | | | |third being the positive period.
They all have their own methods| | | |of belief. Information is restricted in declaration of details | | | |that is noticeable on sense insights and inquiry of purpose | | | |realism | |Constructivism |Student-Centered |Action that is applied based on education and knowledge that is | | | |gained. Details that is newly offered and recurring.
Method that| | | |is modified that a student forms internalizes or alters details. | |Behaviorism |Teacher-centered |Assessment of surroundings and behaviors that is cautiously | | | |concentrated. Also the answers are personally connected to | | | |pragmatism. | |Humanism |Student-Centered |Students should be energetic in the thoughts in existentialism. | | | |They should be energetic, optimistic to take their own opinion. | | |Laws that will administer classroom life are decided by the | | | |students. They also create options about books to study and | | | |exercises to finish | |Essentialism |Teacher-Centered |Evenly illustrated from both optimism and pragmatism. Ordinary | | | |embracing of the core of details and talents cultured by | | | |individual in any society. | Questions: Compare the behaviorist and constructivist educational theory.
In what situations do you think either theory will be more effective in the classroom? Why? You should have a free psyche. Constructivist and behaviorist have both pros and cons. When it’s a hypothesis in behaviorist in the classroom it would operate finest in the multicultural classroom setting because it engages everyone in every civilization. For constructivist the hypothesis in a classroom it would be the greatest in the classroom where students do not desire to be engaged. These students need to be observed other students that are being engaged. I believe you could merge the two hypothesizes create a way for them to function together as one.