Understanding and Identifying ADHD
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most commonly diagnosed behavioral disorders of childhood. It affects 3 to 5 percent of all children, however, in many cases, problems continue through adolescence and adulthood. It has been reported that males outnumber females four to one in diagnosis. Also, there are more cases of ADHD in the United States than anywhere else. This may be due to the labeling of behavioral patterns that in other countires would be considered normal child development. The core symptoms of ADHD are developmentally inappropriate levels of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.
How is ADHD Diagnosed
ADHD is considered a mental health disorder, so only a licensed professional can make the diagnosis that a child, teen, or adult has ADHD. These professionals use the DSM IV. Over the past 10 years, public awareness about ADHD has led to more children and adults being diagnosed with the disorder. Some people believe that the condition is being over-diagnosed. In order to be diagnosed with ADHD, the individual must meet the specific diagnostic criteria set forth in the DSM IV. The criteria are set around the most prevalent symptoms of
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